Rhythms in Physiological Systems

Proceedings of the International Symposium at Schloss Elmau

Bavaria, October 22 – 25, 1990

Springer Series in Synergetics, Vol. 55

1991, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-54448-8




Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Hermann Haken

Institut fŸr Theoretische Physik der UniversitŠt Stuttgart

Pfaffenwaldring 57/IV

D-7000 Stuttgart, Fed. Rep. of Germany, and

Center for Complex Systems

Florida Atlantic University


Prof. Dr. Hans Peter Koepchen

Institut fŸr Physiologie

Freie UniversitŠt Berlin

Arnimallee 22

1000 Berlin 33, Fed. Rep. of Germany





Part I: Physiological rhythmicity and synergetics


H.P. Koepchen: Physiology of rhythms and control systems: an integrative approach


H. Haken: Synergetics – can it help physiology?



Part II: Cardiovascular rhythms


G. Siegel, A. Walter, F. Schnalke, H.P. Koepchen (Institute of Physiology, The Free University of Berlin, D-1000 Berlin 33); H.W. Hofer (Dept. of Biology, The University of Konstanz, D-7750 Konstanz); K. RŸckborn (Institute of Physiology, The University of Rostock, D-2500 Rostock 1): Autorhythmicity in blood vessels: its biophysical and biochemical bases


A. Trzebski, S. Baradziej (Medical Academy, Dept. of Physiology, PL-00-325 Warsaw): Role of the rostroventrolateral medulla in the generation of rhythmicities of the symphathetic activity


A. Lindqvist (Cardiorespiratory Research Unit, University of Turku, SF-20520 Turku, and Research Institute of Military Medicine, Central Military Hospital, SF-00300 Helsinki): Noninvasive methods for studying rhythmic nervous control of human circulation


H. Schmid- Schšnbein, S. Ziege (Institut fŸr Physiologie, Klinikum der RWTH Aachen, D-5100 Aachen): The high pressure system of the mammalian circulation as a dynamic self-organizing system


N. Honz’kov‡, B. Fiser (Masaryk University, Faculty of Medicine, Dept. of Physiology, CS-662 43 Brno): Spectral analysis of circulatory rhythmus and baroreflex sensitivity in man


M. Paganini, O. Rimoldi, P. Pizzinelli, D. Lucini, A. Malliani (Istituto Ricerche Cardiovascolari, Patologia Medica, Ospedale L. Sacco, Centro Fidia, Universitˆ di Milano, Italy): Spectral analysis of cardiovascular variables as a tool to quantify neural cardiovascular control in the laboratory and real life conditions


J.P. Saul (Dept. of Cardiology, ChildrenŐs Hospital, and Harvard-M.I.T. Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA 02115): Cardiorespiratory variability: fractals, white noise, nonlinear oscillators, and linear modelling. WhatŐs to be learned?


R. Stark, D. Vaitl (University of Giessen, Dept. of Clinical Psychology, D-6300 Giessen): Spectral analysis as an assessment of the neural control of the heart: a methodological comparison


J.P. Zbilut (Dept. of Physiology and OR/ Surgical Nursing, Rush-Presbyterian-St. LukeŐs Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, and Section of Cardiology, VA Edward Hines, Jr. Hospital, Hines, IL): Power laws, transients, attractors, and entropy: possible implications for cardiovascular dynamics



Part III: Respiratory Rhythms


F. Raschke (Institute of Rehabilitation Research, Klinik Norderney, D-2982 Norderney): The respiratory system – features of modulation and coordination


F.L. Eldrige (Depts. of Medicine and Physiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516): Phase resetting of respiratory rhythm – experiments in animals and models


C.L. Webber, Jr. (Dept. of Physiology, Loyola University of Chicago, Maywood, IL 60153): Rhythmogenesis of deterministic breathing patterns



Part IV: Motor coordination


J.A.S. Kelso, G.C. DeGuzman, T. Holroyd (Program in Complex Systems and Brain Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431): Synergetic dynamics of biological coordination with special reference to phase attraction and intermittency


M. Stadler, P. Kruse (Dept. of Psychology, University of Bremen, D-2800 Bremen 33); S. Vogt (Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, D-8000 MŸnchen 40): Synchronization of rhythm in motor actions



Part V: Basis of Circadian Rhythmicities


R. A. Wever (Max-Planck-Institut fŸr Psychiatrie, D-8138 Andechs): Interactions between human circadian and (about 90 min) sleep rhythms: problems in the stimulation and the analysis



Part VI: Rhythms in electrical activity of the brain


H. Petsche (Institut fŸr Neurophysiologie der UniversitŠt Wien, A-1090 Wien): The information content of the human EEG


E. Basar, C. Basar-Eroglu, E. Rahn, M. SchŸrmann (Institut fŸr Physiologie, Medizinische UniversitŠt zu LŸbeck, D-2400 LŸbeck 1): Synergetics of evoked alpha and theta rhythms in the brain: topographic and modality-dependent aspects


G. Pfurtscheller (Dept. of Medical Informatics, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Graz University of Technology, and Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Medical Informatics, A-8010 Graz): EEG rhythms: event-related desynchronization and synchronization



Part VII: Rhythms in perception


P. Kruse, M. Stadler, D. StrŸber (Dept. of Psychology, University of Bremen, D-2800 Bremen 33): Psychological modifications and synergetic modelling of perceptual oscillations



Part VIII: Aspects of systems theory


R. Friedrich, A. Fuchs, H. Haken (Institut fŸr Theoretische Physik und Synergetik, UniversitŠt Stuttgart, D-7000 Stuttgart 80): Spatio-temporal EEG patterns


A.S. Mikhailov (Institute for Theoretical Physics and Synergetics, University of Stuttgart, D-7000 Sttugart 80): Information processing by systems with chemical communication


Yu L. Klimontovich (Dept. of Physics, Moscow State University, SU-117234 Moscow): Criteria for the relative degree of order in self-organization processes