Complex Systems – Operational Approaches in Neurobiology, Physics, and Computers

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Synergetics at Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, May 6 – 11, 1985

Springer Series in Synergetics, Vol. 31

1985, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-15923-1




Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Hermann Haken

Institut fŸr Theoretische Physik

UniversitŠt Stuttgart

Pfaffenwaldring 57/IV

7000 Stuttgart 80, Fed. Rep. of Germany




H. Haken: Operational approaches to complex systems. An introduction



Part I: Evolution


P. Schuster (Institut fŸr Theoretische Chemie und Strahlenchemie, UniversitŠt Wien, A-1090 Wien): Effects of finite population size and other stochastic phenomena in molecular evolution



Part II: Functions of the brain in man and animals


W. Reichardt (Max-Planck-Institut fŸr Biologische Kypernetik, D-7800 TŸbingen): Computation of sensory information by the visual system of the fly (from behaviour to neuronal circuitry)


G. Gerstein, A. Aertsen, M. Bloom, E. Espinosa, S. Evanczuk, M. Turner (Dept. of Physiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104): Multi-neuron experiments: observation of state in neural nets


J. KrŸger (Neurologische UniversitŠtsklinik, Hansastrasse 9, D-7800 Freiburg): Investigation of a small volume of neocortex with multiple microelectrodes: evidence for principles of self-organization


J.C. Eccles (Max-Planck-Institut fŸr Biophysikalische Chemie, D-3400 Gšttingen): New light on the mind-brain problem: how mental events could influence neural events?


W. Kinzel (Institut fŸr Festkšrperforschung der Kernforschungsanlage JŸlich, D-5170 JŸlich): Spin glasses as model systems for neural networks


A. Babloyantz (FacultŽ des Sciences, UniversitŽ Libre de Bruxelles, B-1050 Brussels): Strange attractors in the dynamics of brain activity



Part III : Coordination of motion


J.A.S. Kelso, J.P. Scholz (Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, CT 06511): Cooperative phenomena in biological motion


S. Griller (Dept. of Physiology III, Karolinska Institutet, S-11433 Stockholm): The central nervous system utilizes a simple control strategy to generate the synergy used to control locomotion


N. Hogan (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139): Control strategies for complex movements derived from physical systems theory


K. Hepp (Physics Dept. ETH, CH-8093 ZŸrich): Parallel processes in oculomotor control


D.G. Weiss (Zoologisches Institut, UniversitŠt MŸnchen, D-8000 MŸnchen 2): Dynamics and cooperativity in the organization of cytoplasmic structures and flows



Part IV: Computers and computing


F. Hossfeld (Zentralinstitut fŸr Angewandte Mathematik, Kernforschungsanlage JŸlich, D-5170 JŸlich): Parallel processes and parallel algorithms


L. Uhr (Dept. of Computer Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706): Massively parallel multi-computer hardware = software structures for learning


H. Shimizu, Y. Yamaguchi, I. Tsuda, M. Yano (Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113, and Bioholonics Research Project, Tokyo, Japan): Pattern recognition based on holonic information dynamics: towards synergetic computers


I. Tsuda (Bioholonic Project, Research Development Corporation of Japan, Tokyo 112, Japan); H. Shimizu (Biophysics Dept., Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113, Japan): Self-organization of the dynamical channel



Part V: Theoretical concepts


E.T. Jaynes (Arthur Holly Compton Laboratory for Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130): Macroscopic prediction


R. Graham (UniversitŠt Essen GHS, Fachbereich Physik, D-4300 Essen): Entropy-like potentials in non-equilibrium systems with coexisting attractors



Part VI: Physical systems; order and chaos


Ch. Geiger, W. GŸttinger, P. Haug (Institute for Information Sciences, University of TŸbingen, D-7400 TŸbingen): Bifurcations in particle physics and in crystal growth


M. Bestehorn, H. Haken (Institut fŸr Theoretische Physik I, UniversitŠt Stuttgart, D-7000 Stuttgart 80): Pattern formation and transients in the convection instability


R. Friedrich, H. Haken (Institut fŸr Theoretische Physik I, UniversitŠt Stuttgart, D-7000 Stuttgart 80): Convection in spherical geometries


E. Meron, I. Procaccia (Dept. of Chemical Physics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel, and The James Franck Institute and the Dept. of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637): How does low-dimensional chaos arise in complexe systems with infinite degrees of freedom


G.A. Held, C.D. Jeffries (Dept. of Physics and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720): Chaos and turbulence in an electron-hole plasma in Germanium


Yu. L. Klimontovich (Dept. of Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 117234, USSR): Turbulent Motion. The structure of chaos


S. Grossmann (Fachbereich Physik der Philipps-UniversitŠt, D-3550 Marburg/ Lahn): Fully developed turbulence as a complex structure in nonlinear dynamics


R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande (Dipartimento di Fisica dellÕUniversitˆ, I-20133 Milano): Cooperative effects and superradiance in compton scattering and their relevance to free electron lasers